Building and Zoning FAQs

Q. What is my property zoned?
A. If your property is in unincorporated Volusia County, a tax parcel number, street address or owner's name is required by the Zoning Technician to give you the information over the phone. The tax parcel number is found on your tax bill or tax receipt. It is a twelve digit number that assists the Zoning Technician in locating your property.

Q. What zoning related information do I need to provide on my building permit application?
A. A building permit application shall include a current parcel survey (signed and sealed by a professional land surveyor) and construction plans drawn to scale showing the shape and dimensions of the lot, any existing structures, size and location of the proposed structure, use of any existing structures, the intended use of each proposed structure, the number of dwelling units, and the location of any existing roads, any platted rights-of-way, any platted easements, water bodies, water courses, and wetlands.

Q. What are my building setbacks?
A. A building setback is the required distance that a building must be located from the property lines. Building setbacks are determined by your zoning classification. The Zoning Technician needs to determine the zoning of your property in order to give you the setbacks for buildings built or proposed on your property.

Q. Is my lot buildable?
A. Not all property is eligible for a building permit. The property must comply with subdivision regulations and have legal and physical access. The Zoning Technician can verify this for you when you provide a tax parcel number.

Q. Can my lot be subdivided?
A. Every zoning classification requires a minimum lot size. Each piece of property has a Zoning Classification and a Comprehensive Plan Future Land Use Designation. These two documents and the Volusia County Land Development Code, govern how a property can be divided. The Zoning Technician will need a tax parcel number to answer your inquiry.

Q. What is the difference between a manufactured and mobile home dwelling?
A. A manufactured home dwelling will bear a seal certifying that it is constructed to standards and rules adopted by the Florida Department of Community Affairs (DCA). A mobile home dwelling does not have this certification.

Q. Can I put a mobile home on my property?
A. Only certain zoning classifications allow mobile homes. The Zoning Technician needs to determine your property's zoning in order to answer this question.

Q. Can I run a business out of my home?
A. In most areas of unincorporated Volusia County, the zoning technicians can approve a Class A home occupation license. This approval will permit you to use a portion of your home as an office. It does not allow client visits or large deliveries of stock or commodities. The specific regulation regarding employees, equipment and storage of commodities is contained in Sec 807.00 of the Volusia County Zoning Ordinance 80-8, as amended. A copy of this Ordinance can be obtained from our office.
There are some planned unit developments that do not allow their residents to conduct a home business. If you reside in a planned unit development, call our office to find out if you are eligible for a Class A license. Remember you need to provide your tax parcel number.

Q. Where can I put a fence and how high can it be?
A. There is no setback required for a fence. The fence must be placed on the inside of your property line. In general, fences in residentially zoned areas, cannot exceed six feet along the rear and side lot lines of an interior lot and four feet along a front lot line. Regulations differ for waterfront lots, corner lots and lots abutting a golf course. Fences must be erected with the finished side facing the adjoining lot or any abutting right-or-way. Call the Zoning Office when planning your fence construction.

Q. Can I have a Community Residential Home in my neighborhood?
A. State and County law allows up to six unrelated people to reside in a house without any special permit from the Zoning Office. More than 6 unrelated people in a dwelling unit will require special exception approval from the Volusia County Council.

Q. Is a garage apartment allowed?
A. This may be allowed by special exception depending on the type of apartment you want to construct. The garage apartment must contain storage area for one or more motor vehicle and the associated living unit is limited to 800 square feet in area. Call the Zoning Office for the specific regulation for your zoning classification.

Q. What is the Resource Corridor Zoning Classification?
A. This classification was created to protect the areas of the county identified as Environmental System Corridor on the Future Land Use Map. Call the Zoning Office for specific information regarding your property.

Q. Where can I park my boat or RV?
A. In residential zoning classifications, boats, RV’s and utility trailers are required to be parked behind or beside the dwelling unit. They must be set back from the property lines at least five feet. For specific regulation contact the Zoning Office.

Q. How can I rezone my property?
A. Contact the Zoning Office and provide your tax parcel number. The Zoning Technician will verify your current zoning and future land use in order to inform you of your rezoning options. You may pick up a rezoning application form at our DeLand or Daytona offices. You may also download the Rezoning Application from our website. A pre-application meeting with a planner is the next step in the process. This meeting is at no cost to you and can be very helpful in the rezoning process.

Q. I want to put a storage shed in my back yard. How close to the property line can it be placed?
A. Typically, a storage shed must be located a minimum distance of 5 ft. from the property line. If your shed or storage building is over a certain square footage, then that structure must meet the same setbacks as the principal structure. However, if you live on a waterbody, a corner lot, agriculturally zoned property, or if your property is subject to easements, this could change. Again, please call to verify your zoning and your particular situation.

Q. Can I put a carport in front of my garage?
A. In most residential areas, a carport may only be placed in front of a residence if it is attached to the residence, and meets the front yard building setback requirement for the area in which it is constructed.

Q. Can I build a guest house on the same lot that I live on?
A. In some cases, yes. Guess houses are intended for temporary guests and as such these detached accessory buildings are not allowed to have a kitchen facility or separate utility meter. It is possible in some cases to re-subdivide the property and build a separate home on the new lot, but, as a rule, only one single family home may be built on a parcel of property. Under certain circumstances, a garage apartment may be built on your lot. Check with the Zoning Office for additional information.

Q. I have a lot of things to store. What is the largest storage shed I can put on my property?
A. The Ordinance does not reference a maximum size for storage sheds or other types of accessory structures. There is a 35% maximum lot coverage requirement for most residential areas that would include all buildings on the property. However, in residential classifications the cumulative square footage for accessory structures cannot exceed 50% of the principal structure square footage. Also, only one accessory structure over 500 square feet in area is allowed in residential classifications.

Q. I own the lot next to the one I live on. Can I put a storage shed on the vacant lot?
A. In most residential areas, you may build a storage shed or other types of accessory structures on an adjacent vacant lot only if you combine the 2 lots to 1 lot. This is accomplished through our Land Development Office and may also involve vacating any easements that may be between the lots.

Q. In residential zoning, can I build a garage or storage shed before I build my house?
A. Only if you have obtained a building permit for single family dwelling (the principal structure) first. In agricultural zones, a principal structure may consist of a barn or other agricultural building.

Q. Does my pool or other accessory structure have to meet the same setbacks as my house?
A. Generally, no. The pool or other accessory structure setbacks are usually less than the required principal structure setbacks but these accessory structures can only be located in rear or side yards, not in the required front yard area. Call the Zoning office for specific information regarding your property. In agricultural zones, setbacks are the same for all structures except those erected to protect fern or other agricultural crops.

Q. How many horses are allowed per acre of land?
A. No limit if zoned correctly. Horses are permitted in the following zoning classifications: A-1 (Prime Agriculture), A-2 (Rural Agriculture), A-3 (Transitional Agriculture), A-4 (Transitional Agriculture), RR (Rural Residential), RA (Rural Agriculture Estate), RC (Resource Corridor), FR (Forestry Resource), MH-3 (Rural Mobile Home), MH-4 (Rural Mobile Home), and MH-8 (Rural Mobile Home).

Q. Does my fence have to face "good side" toward neighbor?
A. Yes, fences must be located the "good side" facing out in residential classifications.

Q. Where may I obtain a copy of Volusia County Zoning Ordinance 80-8?
A. Ordinance 80-8, as amended, must be ordered from the Municipal Code Corporation, P.O. Box 2235, Tallahassee, FL 32316. The telephone number is 1-800-262-2633. If you only require the Ordinance pertaining to a specific zoning classification, you may obtain an extract from the Ordinance pertaining to that zoning classification from any County Zoning Office. In addition, the Ordinance is accessible on the internet at http://www.municode.com.

Q. I live on waterfront property. Can I build a dock and boathouse?
A. Docks and boathouses are permitted on waterfront property, provided there is a principal building on the lot. Docks must be constructed no closer than 15 feet to the side lot lines, or their extension into the water. Boathouses may not have more than 500 square feet of area and shall not be higher than 15 feet above the mean high water mark. They may not be used for dwelling purposes or contain any sleeping or living quarters. Building permits are required and, in certain instances, permits will be required from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection and/or the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers.

Don Vancini
Building and Zoning Director
386-626-6591, ext. 12765
dvancini@volusia.org

Permits

Diane Zarzycki
386-626-6591, ext. 15844
dzarzycki@volusia.org

Zoning

Scott Ashley
Planning Manager

386-943-7059, ext. 12014
sashley@volusia.org

John H. Stockham
Planner III/Ombudsman

386-943-7059, ext. 12617
jstockham@volusia.org

Yolanda Somers
Staff Assistant II

386-943-7059, ext. 12777
ysomers@volusia.org

West Volusia
386-943-7059

Daytona Beach
386-257-6000

New Smyrna Beach
386-423-3300